Crack babies in infancy

For the mother, the drug's euphoric effect lasts only about 20 minutes. For the growing fetus, the cocaine stays in its system for more than two weeks. In the womb, the child is often re-exposed because the cocaine does not pass through the placenta to the mother but remains in the amniotic fluid surrounding the baby.

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Crack babies grow up

Teachers report that cocaine-exposed children are unable to deal with many different stimuli at once and tend to act out aggressively or withdraw completely when overstimulated.

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Hooked at birth

A baby lies motionless in an incubator, feeding tubes riddling his tiny body. He needs a respirator to breathe and a daily spinal tap to relieve fluid buildup on his brain. Only one month old, he has already suffered two strokes.

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Read more

Aggressive teens are more likely to try tobacco and pot
Dramatic warning about khat
Meth's impact on children
Starter heroin
Dangerous drug trend


The first results of a UCLA study released last week show that California taxpayers are saving more money than expected due to Proposition 36, which gives first- and second-time drug offenders the option of rehabilitation with probation instead of jail time.

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Download Adult Literacy and Education in America (pdf).

This report analyzes the literacy proficiencies of the nation’s adults in relation to their schooling, with a special focus on adults who did not complete high school, those whose proficiencies were below average, and those who enrolled in programs to improve their basic literacy. The findings were based on data from the 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey. Field staff for this survey interviewed nearly 13,600 individuals aged 16 and older throughout the nation, as well as adults 16 to 65 years old in each of eleven states that chose to participate in a special study designed to provide state-level results. This 1992 survey measured literacy proficiencies using performance across a wide array of tasks that reflect the types of reading materials and literacy demands that adults encounter in their daily lives.

Carl F. Kaestle, Anne Campbell, Jeremy D. Finn, Sylvia T. Johnson, and Larry J. Mickulecky